Bhoomeeshwarar Temple Marakkanam Villupuram - History, Timings, Festivals & Address!

Bhoomeeshwarar Temple Marakkanam Villupuram


Shri Bhoomeeshwarar Temple Marakkanam Villupuram

Bhoomeeshwarar Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Marakkanam in Villupuram District of Tamil Nadu. Presiding Deity is called as Bhoomeeshwarar and Mother is called as Girijambal / Girijambikai. This ancient temple is believed to be more than 1000 years old and belonged to Chola Period. The Temple is situated at Marakkanam on the ECR Road connecting Puducherry and Chennai.

Shri Bhoomeeshwarar Temple Marakkanam Villupuram Legends

Bhoomeeshwarar

Once upon a time there lived a Shiva devotee in Marakkanam. The Lord came in the form of a Sage to the devotee's house. The devotee wanted to provide food to the Sage. The Sage said that he wanted to Perform Shiva pooja in a Shiva temple and only then he would have food. Since there was no Shiva temple in that place the devotee took a 'Marakkal Padi' (a cylindrical vessel used for measuring grains) and turned it upside down, placed it on the ground and decorated it with flowers. The Sage (Shiva) performed Pooja and had food and left the place.

After the Sage departed, the devotee tried to move the vessel, but he could not. He brought some device to remove the Marakkal Padi, but it had disappeared. He came out of his house shouting Marakkal Kaanom (some people say that the name Marakkanam has derived from this dialogue) and he ran towards the sea in search of his vessel. Near the Bay of Bengal, he found a Shiva Linga which indicated him which was his vessel. Since, the Lingam was found from the earth, it came to be called as Bhoomeeshwarar. He started performing pooja to the Linga and later a big temple was built for this Linga by the Cholas.

Marakka Kaanom

The myth goes that a devotee, on his way to Kasi on a pilgrimage, stayed in the area for a while. He placed a Marakka, a pot used to measure rice and grains, and prayed to it considering it Shiva. Over the years, the Marakka disappeared, some say stolen, while others claim it was buried. While digging up the place where it was known to stand, they discovered a lingam. The word Marakka Kaanom, which means the Marakka is missing, became ‘Marakkanam’.

Marakkanam

Maram means Tree and Kaanam means Coastal Area in Tamil. Since the place had groves of trees near the coastal area, the place came to be called as Marakkanam.

Manalkanam

Manal means Sand and Kaanam means Coastal Area in Tamil. Hence the place came to be called as Manalkanam and later got corrupted to Marakkanam.

Brahma Theertham

It is believed that Brahma Theertham was created by Lord Brahma while he came here to worship Lord Shiva of this Temple.

People worshipped Lord Shiva here

Sage Kanvar and Manmadha had worshipped Lord Shiva of this temple.


Shri Bhoomeeshwarar Temple Marakkanam Villupuram History

It is believed that the Temple was built by Rajaraja Chola ever before Tanjore Big Temple. There is also another belief among the researchers that there exists an older temple got completely submersed in sea due to tsunami. Rajaraja Chola I excavated and built the new Temple in the same place where the older temple exists. Pallavas, Cholas and Pandyas have renovated the temple in their periods. Bhoomeshwarar was called by different names during the reign of different kings.

During Rajaraja Chola I period, the Temple was called as Bhumeeswara Devar, Bhumeeswarath Azhwar. During Rajendra Chola I period, the Temple was called as Thirubhumeeswaramudaiyar, Bhumeeswaramudaiya Mahadevar. During Kulothunga Chola III period, the Temple was called as Bhumeeswaramudaiya Nayanar. During Vijayanagara Kings, the temple was called as Bhumeeswaramudaiya Thambiran, Thirubhumiyappa Thambiranar.

The inscriptions found in the Shiva temple (Bhoomeeshwarar temple) of Marakkanam mentions a variety of names of this sea port (Marakkanam) like Rajaraja Peralam, Pattinam, Eyir Pattinam, Vikrama Chola Chaturvedi Mangalam, Kandarathithan Nallur, Vijaya Rajendra Chola Valanaadu. Excavation was conducted here in the year 2005-2006 to explore the antiquity of this place; as this place has been referred in Sangam literatures of 'Sirupanarrupadai' and 'Perumpanarrupadai'. Exploration near Bhoomeshwarar temple yielded terracotta pipes and coarse red ware potsherds.

On account of this, trenches were laid in and around Bhoomeshwarar temple and antiquities pertaining to medieval period were collected. The unearthed antiquities include copper coins, gold coin, terracotta spouts, smoking pipes, terracotta utensils, iron objects, porcelain sherds and copper rings. Present excavation at Marakkanam has revealed two cultural periods namely Medieval and Modern periods, which has been arrived from the findings.

In the Sangam age, a lot of trade was being carried out with the Greek and Roman kingdoms. Among the major ports around this time that Ptolemy mentions are Mylarphan (Mylapore), Poduke (Arikamedu), Soptana (Marakanam), and even Comari (Kanyakumari). This port even features in Tamil works such as Sirupanatrupadai and Perumpaanaattruppadai as Eyirpattinam. In Sirupanatrupadai, the place was mentioned as Eyir Pattinam (Marakkanam) is one of the fortified cities of Oyma Naadu.

The region between Tindivanam and Marakkanam was ruled by Nalliyakodan who was praised by Nallur Nathanaar (Nallur of Kanchipuram). The 'Periplus of the Erythraean Sea' (now Bay of Bengal) is a book by Alexandrian Merchant in the first century AD. He mentions that on the east coast of India there were 3 market towns and harbours namely Canara (Poompuhar), Poduke (Arikamedu, Puducherry) and Soptana (Marakkanam).

After many invasions the importance of this place has been reduced. This place was mostly occupied by Fishermen after the advent of the Christians in this area. The earlier names found in records have vanished. The sea port has become a place where Fishermen landed their wooden boats used for fishing. They did not know the name of this place, but this place was full of wooden boats of Fishermen. This place was identified as a place where wooden boats stood. Therefore, the place came to be known as 'Marakkalam' (meaning wooden boat) which have been changed to Marakkanam in common usage.

The Temple

The temple is facing east with an entrance arch. There is a mandapam with reliefs of various deities on the base before the entrance. The Mandapa belongs to Vijayanagara period. Deepastambam, Balipeedam, Dhwaja Sthambam, Nandi Mandapam and a Navakanda Nadukal can be found in front of the sanctum. The sanctum sanctorum consists of sanctum, Antarala, Arthamandapam, a Muka mandapam and two mandapas on North and south side.

The sanctum is of Pathabandha Adhishtanam. Presiding Deity is called as Bhoomeeshwarar. He is housed in the sanctum in the form of Lingam. Bikshadana (in place of Vinayaga), Dakshinamurthy, Vishnu, Brahma and Durga are the Koshta Idols located around the sanctum wall. Durga (with 6 hands) is seen with an umbrella, garland and 2 Dwarapalakis beside her. There are many inscriptions around the main shrine.

There is a shrine housing Chandran and Suryan situated on the right side immediately after the entrance arch. Karnapooshana Vinayagar, Nandi, Lakshmi Vinayagar can be found in the front mandapam. Chola era Dwara Balagas can be found at the entrance of the sanctum. Utsava Idols (Somaskanthar, Chandrasekarar, Nataraja, Amman Girijambiga and Kaali) are located in the antarala. Naalvar, 3 Vinayaga Idols, Sapthamathas, Ayyanar can be found on the left Mandapam.

Navagrahas and Bhairavar can be found in the Arthamandapam. There are twisted serpents on the body of Bhairavar with serve hairs, earings, bracelets and anklets and other ornaments of the body. The Bhairavar is dressed in Tiger skin with human bones on his body with his dog Vahana. Mother is called as Girijambal / Girijambikai. She is housed in a separate east facing shrine. She is gracing the devotees in Abhaya Hastha.

This temple unusually has Nandhi in front of the Amman and a Pavai Vilakku in front of Shiva. There are shrines for Vinayaga, Lord Murugan with his consorts Valli & Devasena and Shiva Lingas in the prakaram. Sculptures of Vishnu worshipping Shiva and sculpture depicting history of Siruthonda Nayanar are examples of Chola masterpiece.

There is a sculpture showing dance posture of 3 women in the temple. Only 4 legs have been carved for 3 women but when you notice individually, you will find each woman with 2 legs. This is a wonderful sculpture of the Cholas. Theertham associated with this Temple is Brahma Theertham. It is situated to the west of the temple.

Inscriptions

There are 47 inscriptions available in the temple. Majority of the inscriptions belongs to Chola Emperors. Most of the inscriptions can be found around the main shrine. Rajaraja Chola I inscription talks about the gift of perpetual lamp to the Bhoomeeshwarar temple at Rajaraja Peralam (Marakkanam) in Pattina Naadu. There are 2 inscriptions in the period of Parakesari Rajendra Chola I. One inscription talks about the gift made of taxes due to a salt pan for 2 perpetual lamps to be burnt in the temple. The second inscription is about the gift which was made of Sheep for a perpetual lamp.

King Rajakesari Vijaya Rajendran Rajadhi Raja Chola I inscription talks about the sale of Land for the Nandavanam (garden) of the Bhoomeeshwarar temple by a Sabha of Eyir Pattinam (Marakkanam). There are also inscriptions talks about the gift of land in the period of Rajakesari Varman Kulothunga Chola II. The inscriptions of Kulothunga Chola III is also found in the Temple. A Chola inscription states that the name of the place was called Manarkaanam since the place was full of mud (sea shore). The same inscription states that Marakkalam has changed to Marakkanam.

The inscriptions found in the temple mentions a variety of names of this sea port (Marakkanam) like Rajaraja Peralam, Pattinam, Eyir Pattinam, Vikrama Chola Chaturvedi Mangalam, Kandarathithan Nallur, Vijaya Rajendra Chola Valanaadu. The inscriptions of the Vijayanagara Kings state the name of Marakkanam as Kandarathithan Nallur in Pattina Naadu and Vijaya Rajendra Chola Valanaadu in Jayamkonda Chola Mandalam.

Temple Opening Time

The Temple remains open from 07.00 a.m. to 12.00 noon and 05.00 p.m. to 08.30 p.m.


Shri Bhoomeeshwarar Temple Marakkanam Villupuram Festivals

All Shiva related festivals are celebrated in this Temple with much fanfare.

Shri Bhoomeeshwarar Temple Marakkanam Villupuram Prayers

People worship here for settling land disputes, buying properties and wellbeing of them.

How to Reach Shri Bhoomeeshwarar Temple Marakkanam Villupuram?

The Temple is located at about 100 meters from Marakkanam Bus Stop, 20 Kms from Munnur, 36 Kms from Tindivanam, 34 Kms from Puducherry, 36 Kms from Tindivanam Railway Station, 35 Kms from Puducherry Railway Station, 33 Kms from Puducherry Airport, 77 Kms from Villupuram, 108 Kms from Chennai Airport and 118 Kms from Chennai. The temple is on the west side of East Coast Road (ECR) at Marakkanam. The Temple is located at the Junction of Marakkanam - Thenpakkam Road with ECR Road.

It is well connected to the state capital Chennai and the nearby union territory of Puducherry by the East Coast Road. To the west, Marakkanam is connected to the town of Tindivanam by the SH-134. All the buses from Chennai and Mahabalipuram to Pondicherry passes through Marakkanam. Nearest Railway Stations are located at Puducherry & Tindivanam. Nearest Airports are located at Puducherry and Chennai.

Shri Bhoomeeshwarar Temple Marakkanam Villupuram Address

Bhoomeeshwarar Temple,
Marakkanam – 604 303,
Villupuram District,
Mobile: +91 99439 11879.

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