Kandhaswamy Temple Cheyyur Kanchipuram - History, Timings, Festivals & Address!

Kandhaswamy Temple Cheyyur Kanchipuram

Kandhaswamy Temple Cheyyur Kanchipuram

Kandhaswamy Temple is dedicated to Hindu God Muruga located in Cheyyur in Kanchipuram district in the South Indian state of Tamilnadu. Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple was constructed during the Cholas during the 10th century. Muruga is worshipped as Kandhaswamy along with his consorts Valli and Deivasena. A granite wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all its shrines.

The place is about 25 kms south of Maduranthagm. In Olden days this town was known as Jayamkonda Chola Nallur and Virarajendra Nallur. As per epigraphical evidences, it belonged to Jayamkonda Chola Mandalathu Chembur Kotta Puraiyur. This town was also called Seioorm, Seigaiyampathy and Valavapuri. In this place there is a temple for Lord Siva Known as Puttridang Kondaar Temple and Kariya Mannikakam Perumal Temple.

Arunagiri Nathar has revered the temple in his verses in Tirupugal. There are idols of 27 Vedhalams (Bhootganas/ghosts) representing 27 stars found in the temple and it is unique which cannot be found anywhere else. Lord Brahma and Vishnu are standing as Dwarapalakas of Lord Shiva. The goshta images of Subramanya are unique the dancing Skanda, Skanda carrying bow and arrow, etc.

The temple is open from 6 am - 12:30 pm and 4:30 - 8:00 pm on all days. Four daily rituals and many yearly festivals are held at the temple, of which the Vaikasi Visagam, Kanthasashti festival, Surasamharam, Thaipoosam festival and Panguni Uthiram festival being the most prominent being the most prominent. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamilnadu.

Kandhaswamy Temple Cheyyur Kanchipuram Legends
As per Hindu legend, Muruga obtained the Vel (spear) from his mother Parvathi from Sikkal Singaravelan Temple. He slayed Sooran, the demon, the event called Surasamharam at Thiruchendur. During the war, Bhutaganas, Shiva's army, is also believed to have helped Murugan. Since Murugan killed Sooran and his son Iranyeswaran, he attained Dosha (sin).
To propitiate himself from the sin, he is believed to have installed the image of Shiva as Somanatha at this place and worshipped Shiva. Since the son of Shiva (called Sei) worshipped him, the place is called Cheyyur. The 27 Bhutaganas are personified to the 27 stars as per Hindu mythology.

Kandhaswamy Temple Cheyyur Kanchipuram History

The place was believed to be ruled by a Chola emperor named Valanvan and the place came to be known as Valavapuri. The shrine of Meenakshi was added by the benevolent contribution by a devotee in 1937. From the inscriptions in the temple, it is believed that it was constructed by the Cholas during the 10th century.

The inscriptions from the Vijayanagar Empire during the 15th century indicate that Muslims were employed in the office of the kings. They also indicate that lands were endowed to the temple by the Muslims.

Kandhaswamy Temple Cheyyur Kanchipuram Opening Time

Morning: 7 am to 11 am – Pooja at 9 am
Evening: 6.30 pm to 8.30 pm (on Astami days after full moon from 5 pm to 9 pm)

Religious Practices & Festivals

The temple follows Saivite tradition. The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. The temple rituals are performed four times a day: Kalasanthi at 7:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:30 p.m., and Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m. During the Arthajamam between 8:30 - 9:00 p.m, Kandhaswamy is believed to offer his worship Somanatha along with the 27 Bhoothaganas and it is enacted every day. Each ritual has three steps: Alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) & Deeparadhanai (waving of lamps) for both Kandhaswamy and Thiripurasundari. There are weekly, monthly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple. The temple is open from 6 am - 12:30 pm and 4-9:00 pm on all days.

The temple has many festivals in its calendar, with the Vaikasi Visagam, Aadi Krithigai, Kanthasashti, Surasamharam, Karthigai Deepam, Thaipoosam and Panguni Uthiram are the festivals being the being the most prominent. Sarva vadyam is a music instrument used in the temple from historic times during the festive occasions. Chengalvaraya Sastri, a historical musician is believed to have composed songs praising the presiding deity. The practise of singing his songs during the rituals is continued in modern times. During Kandha Sashti, the Vel Vaangum Vizha is celebrated behind the Mahodhara Bootha Vethalam belonging to Pooradam star.

Literary Mention

There are several works on Sri Kandhaswamy at Cheyyur. Andhaka kavi Veeraraghava Mudaliyar has composed the Cheyyur Murugan Pillai Thamizh and Cheyyur Kalambakam. Cherai Kaviraja Pillai has composed Cheyyur Murugan Ula; Sri Murugadas Swamigal has composed Cheyyur Murugan Pathigam and Sivaprakasa Swamigal has composed Nenju Vidu Thoodhu.

By far the most important aspect of this temple is that it has verses sung on Sri Kandhaswamy by Arunagirinathar and features in the Thirupugazh. The verses of the Thirupugazh are found inscribed in the wall of the Artha mandapa and there is also a statue of Saint Arunagirinathar in the temple.
27 Vedhalams are installed around the compound wall, which are connected to 27 Natchathras in a later stage may be after 1944 as there is no mention about this in the Sthalapuranam written by Mr Muthaiah Mudaliyar.

How to Reach Kandhaswamy Temple Cheyyur Kanchipuram?

Cheyyur is a taluk in Kanchipuram District of Tamilnadu. One can reach Cheyyur through two routes, one through Madurantakam and the other through the East Coast Road, which goes towards Puducherry. This town is about 25 kms from Madurantakam and 5 kms from the Ellaiyamman Koil Bus Stop on East Coast Road (ECR). The nearest airport is Chennai and railway station is Chengalpattu.

Kandhaswamy Temple Cheyyur Kanchipuram Address

Kandhaswamy Temple,
Cheyyur, Kanchipuram
Mobile: +91 - 94447 29512.

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