Suriyanar Temple Thiruvidaimaruthur - History, Timings, Festivals & Address

Suriyanar Temple Thiruvidaimaruthur


Suriyanar Temple Thiruvidaimaruthur


Siva Suriya Peruman Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Surya located in Suriyanar Koil Village near Aduthurai Town in Thiruvidaimarudur Taluk in Thanjavur District of Tamil Nadu. Presiding Deity is called as Siva Suriya Peruman / Kulothunga Chozha Marthandalaya Devar. Lord Sun graces from the sanctum sanctorum facing west with Mother Usha Devi on the left and Pradyusha Devi (also known as Chaya Devi) on the right in wedding form. It is one of the nine Navagraha (nineplanets) temples of Tamil Nadu associated with the Sun (Surya).
 

Suriyanar Temple Thiruvidaimaruthur Legends 

As per Hindu legend. Sage Kalva was suffering from serious ailments along with leprosy. He prayed to the Navagrahas, the nine planet deities.The planets were pleased by his devotion and offered cure to the sage. Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, was angered as he felt that the planets have no powers to provide boons to humans. He cursed the nine planets to suffer from leprosy and they were sent down to earth in Vellurukku Vanam, the milky weed jungle. The planets prayed to Lord Shiva to relieve them off the curse. Lord Shiva appeared to them and said that the place belonged to them and they would have to grace the devotees worshipping them from the place. This is the only temple where there are separate shrines for each of the planet deities. 

Suriyanar Temple Thiruvidaimaruthur History 

The Temple was built during the reign of Kulottunga Chola I (AD 1060-I 118) and was called as Kulottunga Chola Marttandalaya as per inscriptions found in the temple. Kulottunga Chola is said to have had a good relationship with the Gahadwal dynasty of Kanauj (1090 — 1194). whose rulers were Sun worshippers, and hence Suryanar Koyil, is considered to be an expression of their influence in South India.The Temple is believed to be extensively renovated by the Vijayanagara Empire.The temple is mentioned in the songs of Muthuswami Dikshitar, who has composed a song starting with "Suryamurthe" in Saurashatra Raagam. In modern times, the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of the Government of Tamil Nadu. 

This Temple is facing towards west with a three-tiered Rajagopuram.The Rajagopuram is about 50 feet high. It has a granite wall enclosing all the shrines of the temple.There is a sacred bathing ghat. called Surya Pushkarini, situated to the north of the Rajagopuram. It is important to bathe in this Ghat before offering worship at the temple. If not, one should at least sprinkle its water on one's head. Balipeedam can be found immediately after the entrance. 

Sun Vehicle is horse, called as Saptha (meaning seven in Sanskrit). It is housed in a Mandapam to the east of Balipeedam, facing the sanctum. The Sanctum Sanctorum consists of Artha Mandapam, Maha Mandapam, Mukha Mandapam and Sanctum.The Sanctum is situated on an elevated structure. Presiding Deity is called as Siva Suriya Peruman / Kulothunga Chozha Marthandalaya Devar. 

Lord Sun graces from the sanctum sanctorum facing west with Mother Usha Devi on the left and Pradyusha Devi (also known as Chaya Devi) on the right in wedding form. He is holding lotus in both hands with a smiling face. As Sun is noted for his scorching heat, to cool down the effect, planet Guru (Jupiter) is just opposite the shrine, facilitating his worship under a bearable temperature. 

The hall leading to the central shrine has images of Viswanathar, Visalakshi, Nataraja, Sivakami, Kol Theertha Vinayagar, Chandikeswarar. Brihaspati (Guru) and Murugan.There are separate shrines for all the other seven planet deities namely Budha (Mercury). Shani (Saturn), Shukran (Venus). Chandra (Moon).Angaragan (Mercury). Rahu and Ketu. 

All the other eight shrines of the Navagrahas are arranged facing the shrine of Suryanar. All these shrines are without their Vahana (Vehicles). Theerthams associated with this temple are Surya Pushkarini and Cauvery River. Sthala Vriksham is Vellerukku (Madar Plant). 

Suriyanar Temple Thiruvidaimaruthur Opening Time

The temple remains open in the morning from 6.00 AM to 12.30 PM and in evening from 4.00 PM to 8.00 PM.

Rituals

The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. Like other Shiva temples of Tamilnadu, the priests belong to the Shaivite community, a Brahmin sub-caste.The temple rituals are performed six times a day; Ushathkalam at 5:30 a.m.. Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m.. Uchikalam at 10:00 a.m., Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 8:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 10:00 p.m. 
Each ritual comprises four steps: Abhishekam (sacred bath),Alangaram (decoration), naivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for Suryanar, Usha Devi and Chaya Devi.The worship is held amidst music with Nadaswaram (pipe instrument) & tavil (percussion instrument), religious instructions in the Vedas read by priests and prostration by worshippers in front of the temple mast. 

Suriyanar Temple Thiruvidaimaruthur Festivals

10-day Ratha Saptami in Thai month (January-February) is a very important festival in the temple. Ratha Saptami is symbolically represented in the form of the Sun God Surya turning his Ratha (Chariot) drawn by seven horses, with Aruna as the charioteer. towards the northern hemisphere, in a north-easterly direction. Ratha Saptami is symbolic of the change of season to spring and the start of the harvesting season. On the first day of each Tamil month special pujas and abisheks are performed to Lord Surya (Sun) who heads the Zodiac family.Also, Saturn (Sani) and Jupiter (Guru) transition days are celebrated with special pujas. First Sundays in the months of Aavani and Karthigai are celebrated with much fanfare.
 

Worship Practices

Thirumangalakudi

Suriyanar Koil and Thirumangalakudi are closely related to each other. People who offer worship at Suriyanar temple have to go first to Thirumangalakudi to offer worship. In early days. both places are same and was called Argavamam before dividing. Both the temples have Erukan plant as Sthala Vriksham. 

Suriyanar Koil

There is a marked difference of worshipping in this temple from other temples; one has to follow the custom of worshipping.To offer worship at Suriyanar Temple, one has to reach the Rajagopuram (Main Entrance) and move towards North where Pushkarini of temple is located. One can take bath in the tank or sprinkle holy water in the head as purification. Next after the bath one has to offer prayers at the Rajagopuram before entering the temple. After entering the temple, one has to turn towards Southern side where Kol Theertha Vinayagar is placed. One has to do the Sankalpam and Archana as Hindus find Vinayagar as turnover of all obstacles. 

After worshipping Vinayagar, one has to climb steps to reach Narthana Mandapam at Northern Side and then more towards Sabanayagar Mandapam where one can offer prayers to Utsava Idol. After Sabanayagar Mandapam one can reach Main Mandapam and offer prayers to Sri Kasiviswanathar and Visalakshi. Next to Main Mandapam, there is Maha Mandapam, where Guru Bhagavan (Lord Jupiter) shrine and sanctum are situated. People do the Archana for Guru and offer prayers to Lord Sun. 

One has to move South wards to come out of Sanctum to reach the Lord Saturn (Sani). Lord Kuja and Lord Mars are placed separately then move northwards to offer prayers to Lord Moon and Kethu. Then, move towards west where Lord Sukra and Raghu are placed. Finally, one has to offer prayers to Chandikeswarar. After finishing prayers at Chandikeswarar. one has to come clockwise to reach the Vinayakar to give final prayers, after all the prayers are over, one would reach the flag post and prostrate before it. Then nine rounds of the temple is a must. After nine rounds again, one has to prostrate and meditate on the nine planets for sometimes. 

The Navagrahas, as per Hindu customs, are believed to provide both good and bad effects for any individual and the bad effects are mitigated by prayers. As in other Navagraha temples, the common worship practises of the devotees include offering of cloth, grains, flowers and jewels specific to the planet deity. Lighting a set of lamps is also commonly followed in the temple. According to Atharvana Veda, one who worships Surya Bhagawan will be relieved from diseases pertaining to the eyes and heart. 

Huge numbers of devotees visit to worship the deities for relief from the adverse aspects of planets concerning their lives.Those who suffer the ill effects of Kalathra Dosham,Vivaha Paribandha Dosham, Puthra Dosham, Puthra Paribandha Dosham, Vidhya Paribandha Dosham, Udhyoga Padhibandha Dosham, Surya Dasa, Surya Bukthi would benefit from worshipping at this temple. Father, Athma, physical strength, right eye, and governmental largesse are the beneficial aspects of this planet.

Sun occupies the first place among the nine planets, so his temple. Devotees throng the temple to submit their prayers to the planets to protect them from their adverse aspects in their lives. Those undergoing the seven and half years Saturn period, his position in the 8th and birth Rasi houses according to their horoscopes and those facing such aspects by other planets come to the temple seeking relief. They stay in the temple for 12 Sundays called Thala Vasam covering about two and half months from the morning of first Sunday. 

The period covers about 78 days. They bathe in the sacred springs known as Nava Theerthas, observe fasting and worship Lord Tirumangalakudi Prananatha and Mother Mangala Nayaki and other deities in the place. They do remedial pujas according to their problems for removal of the Doshas-adverse aspects. Those undergoing Sun main and sub-periods worship on Sundays. They also succeed in their efforts. 

Devotees perform a ritual called Nadi Pariharam, Navagraha Homas and Surya Archana. They also perform with sugar pudding (Sarkarai Pongal) which is considered very important here.They do abishek and archana to the planets as prescribed.They also offer wheat, jaggery and their farm yields equal to their weight — a ritual called Thulabharam. Those seeking child boon offer cradles. The Prasad is distributed among the visitors. Feeding also is followed besides usual abishek etc. 

How to Reach Suriyanar Temple Thiruvidaimaruthur?

The Temple is located at about 1.5 Kms from Thirumangalakudi, 1.5 Kms from Tirumangalakudi Bus Stop, 2 Kms from Aduthurai Bus Stand, 3 Kms from Aduthurai, 3 Kms from Aduthurai Railway Station, 3 Kms from Kanjanur, 8 Kms from Kathiramangalam, IS Kms from Kumbakonam, IS Kms from Kumbakonam Railway Station, 24 Kms from Mayiladuthurai, 53 Kms from Thanjavur and 114 Kms from Trichy Airport. It is situated on the road between Kumbakonam and Kathiramangalam. Bus facilities are available from Mayiladuthurai,Aduthurai,Anakarai and Thiruppanandal.The devotees should get down at Tirumangalakudi Bus Stop. 

Suriyanar Temple Thiruvidaimaruthur Address

Siva Suriya Peruman Temple, 
Suriyanar Koil, Thiruvidaimaruthur Taluk, 
Thanjavur District — 612 102 
Phone: +91 435 247 2349 

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