Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai Thanjavur - History, Timings, Festivals & Address

Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai Thanjavur


Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai Thanjavur

Sara Parameswarar Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Thirucherai in Kumbakonam Taluk in Thanjavur District of Tamil Nadu. Presiding Deity is called as Saraparameswarar / Senneriyappar and Mother is called as Gnanambigai / Gnanavalli. This temple is situated at the southern banks of the river Mudikondan, a tributary of the river Cauvery.

This temple is famous for its Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar / Kadan Nivartheeswarar Shrine. It is a general belief that worshipping Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar in this temple helps improve the financial status and be debt-free. Hence, this temple is considered as Kadan Nivarthi Sthalam. This temple is also called as Udayar Koil by the locals.

The Temple is considered as one of the shrines of the 276 Paadal Petra Sthalams (Shiva Sthalams) glorified in the early medieval Thevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanar Thirugnana Sambandar and Appar. This Temple is considered as the 212th Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 95th Sthalam on the south side of river Cauvery in Chozha Nadu.

Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai Legends

Surya Pooja

Lord Surya (Sun) worshipped Lord Shiva in several places offering his apologies to Lord Shiva for participating in the Yagna of Daksha against his wish. Thirucherai is considered one among them. Symbolizing this, the rays of Sun falls on the presiding deity Lord Sara Parameswarar and on the feet of the Mother during the morning hours on 13th, 14th and 15th of Masi month (February-March). Surya Pooja is performed on these days. Special pujas are performed in the temple during the whole Masi month in the morning hours.

Sara Parameswarar

This holy place has the highest qualities (Saram) one would expect in any place. Hence, this place came to be called as Thiru Saram which over a period of time became Thiru Cheram and now Thirucherai. Thus, Lord Shiva came to be called as Sara Parameswarar / Senneri Appar (one who leads in the righteous way).

Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar / Kadan Nivartheeswarar

It is believed that Sage Markandeya installed a Shiva Linga in this temple. He worshipped the Linga to clear his debts he had accumulated in his previous birth. Lord Shiva cleared his debts as he wished. Hence, Lord Shiva came to be called as Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar / Kadan Nivartheeswarar. It is believed that sage Markandeya also attained salvation here. 

Mukthi Sthalam of Dhaumya Rishi

It is believed that Dhaumya Rishi, Guru of Kunti Devi and also the one who gave the idea for the Pandavas to escape from the burning lac palace, worshipped Lord Shiva here and attained salvation here.

People Worshipped Lord Shiva here

It is believed that Lord Suryan, Dhaumya Rishi, Sage Markandeya, Appar, Sambandar and River Cauvery had worshipped Lord Shiva here.

Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai History

This Temple was believed to be built by Chola King Kulothunga Chola. There are about two inscriptions in this temple dating back to Kulothunga Chola. The last consecration ceremony took place on 22.01.2018. This temple is under the administrative control of the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of Government of Tamil Nadu (HR&CE).

The Temple

This Temple is facing towards east with five tiered Rajagopuram. This Temple covers an area of about 1.5 acres with two prakarams. Nandi, Balipeedam and Dhwaja Sthambam can be seen immediately after Rajagopuram, facing sanctum. There is another Rajagopuram with three tiers after Nandi. The Sanctum Sanctorum consists of Sanctum, Ardha Mandapam and Maha Mandapam. Presiding Deity is called as Saraparameswarar / Senneriyappar and is facing east.

He is housed in the sanctum in the form of Lingam. Lord is a Swayambhu Moorthy (self-manifested). The ray of Sun falls on the presiding deity Lord Sara Parameswarar and on the feet of the Mother during the morning hours on 13th, 14th and 15th of Masi month (February-March). Surya Pooja is performed on these days. Special pujas are performed in the temple during the whole Masi month in the morning hours.

Nardana Vinayaga, Dakshinamoorthy, Bhairava, Nataraja, Chandrasekara, Brahma, Shiva Durga, Vaishnavi Durga and Vishnu Durga are the Koshta Idols located around the sanctum walls. This is the only temple where three Durgas, Shiva Durga, Vaishnavi Durga and Vishnu Durga grace the devotees from the Koshta. Lamp worship is followed in this shrine during the Rahukalam time (90 minutes in each day will be Rahukalam).

Bhairava can be seen next to Nataraja in the Koshta. Bhairava appears here with a tattoo on his left upper arm with a trident and bell, a depiction only in this temple. Saint Thirunavukkarasar has sung the grace of Bhairava of this temple in his Thevaram hymn. The song describes Bhairava as Lord Shiva himself. Special poojas are offered to him on Ashtami days. This Shrine is one of the few Bhairava shrines where he is adorned with Vada Malai (similar to Hanuman).

Chandikeswarar Shrine can be seen in his usual location. It houses two idols of Chandikeswarar. Mother is called as Gnanambigai / Gnanavalli. She is housed in a separate east facing shrine. Her shrine is situated to the left side of the sanctum in the outer prakaram. Alankara Mandapam can be found in the first prakaram. There is a separate shrine for Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar / Kadan Nivartheeswarar (Lord Shiva who relieves from debt) in western prakaram. It is said that Sage Markandeya installed this Linga.

It is a general belief that worshipping Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar in this temple helps improve the financial status and be debt-free. It is believed that a special offering called archana can be made on 11 consecutive Mondays and by completing our prayer with performing abhishekam on the 11th Monday, our debts will be cleared, and prosperity will flourish. The deity will bestow whatever form of wealth one prays for (good married life, children, education, wealth etc.) is the firm belief.

Shrines for Vinayaka, Markandeya and Balasubramanya can be seen near Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar Shrine. There are shrines for Vinayaga, Jurakeswarar, Kala Bhairavar, Gaja Lakshmi, Nataraja, Maha Lakshmi, Idaparoodar (where Lord Shiva sits on Nandi) Amirthakadeswarar, Abhirami Amman, Mrikandu Maharishi, Saptha Kannigais, Nalvars, Bala Subramanya, Vayu Lingam, Jyestha Devi, Surya, Kaaleeswarar, Nagas, Navagrahas and Saneeswarar in the temple premises.

The holy tree Mavilangai has only leaves during the first four months of the year, only white flowers during the next four months and with none of these during the remaining four months of the year. Theerthams associated with this temple are Markandeya Theertham, Bindu Sudha Theertham and Gnana Theertham. Bindu Sudha Theertham is in the form of a well within the temple premises. It is believed that this well was formed when a drop of nectar fell here. Gnana Theertham tank is situated opposite to the temple. Markandeya Theertham is the Theppa Kulam.

Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai Opening Time

The Temple remains open from 7.00 a.m. to 12.00 noon and 4.30 p.m. to 8.30 p.m. On Mondays, the temple remains open from 3:30 a.m. and closes at 11.00 p.m without any break. 

Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai Festivals

Avani Vinayakar Chaturthi (Aug-Sep), Purattasi Navaratri (Sep-Oct), Aippasi Skanda Shashti (Oct–Nov), Aippasi Annabishekam (Oct–Nov), Thiru Karthikai (Nov-Dec), Margazhi Thiruvadhirai (Dec-Jan) and Masi Shivrathri (Feb-Mar) are the festivals celebrated in this temple. Monthly Pradoshams are also observed regularly.

Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai Thanjavur Prayers

There is a unique shrine for Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar / Kadan Nivartheeswarar (Lord Shiva who relieves from debt) in the western prakaram of the temple premises. It is strongly believed that Rina Vimochana Lingeswarar fulfils the desires of the devotees and improves their financial status. According to the scriptures every human being is born with three types of debts viz Deva, Rishi and Pithru Rina, the debts to God, Rishis and our ancestors respectively.

Monday is considered very auspicious for Lord Shiva. Worshipping Kadan Nivartheeswarar for eleven consecutive Mondays here in Thirucherai makes the devotees to get rid of all their financial struggles. An Abhishekam is performed to Lord Shiva on 11th Monday to end this ritual. Devotees firmly believe that this prayer would offer solution for all their problems and endow them with a life free of debt and material progress.

Devotees offer garlands made of Vada (a pudding fried in oil) to Bhairava on Ashtami day (8th day from new moon or full moon day), perform archana with 1000 names (Sahasranama) for relief from the adverse aspects of the planets and for success in litigations. Devotees worship Lord Shiva to remove obstacles from their marriage proposals and child boon. Devotees offer abishek and Vastras to the Lord on realizing their prayers. The affluent ones do poor feeding (Annadhanam) and contribute for the maintenance and renovation of the temple.

How to Reach Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai?

The Temple is located at about 300 meters from Thirucherai Bus Stop, 5 Kms from Kudavasal, 5 Kms from Kudavasal Bus Stand, 5 Kms from Nachiyar Koil, 14 Kms from Kumbakonam Railway Station, 15 Kms from Kumbakonam, 15 Kms from Kumbakonam Bus Stand, 27 Kms from Thiruvarur, 47 Kms from Thanjavur and 104 Kms from Trichy Airport. The temple is situated on Kumbakonam to Thiruvarur Route. Take any bus in this route and get down at Thirucherai Bus Stop. The temple is located at a walkable distance from this Bus Stop.

Sara Parameswarar Temple Thirucherai Address

Saraparameswarar Temple,
Thirucherai Post – 612 605,
Kumbakonam Taluk,
Thanjavur District
Phone: +91 435 246 8001 / 246 7759
Mobile: +91 94426 37759 / 94437 37759 / 94439 59839.

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