Kasi Viswanathar Temple Kumbakonam - History, Timings, Festivals & Address

Kasi Viswanathar Temple Kumbakonam

Kasi Viswanathar Temple Kumbakonam

Kasi Viswanathar Temple is a Hindu Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Kumbakonam Town in Thanjavur District in Tamil Nadu. Presiding Deity is called as Kasi Viswanathar and Mother is called as Visalakshi. This temple is also popularly known as Nava Kannigai temple. The Temple is situated on northern banks of Mahamaha Tank. 

Kudanthai Karonam

Lord Sri Rama was known for his soft character. He had to acquire the traits of Rudra (anger) to wage a war against Ravana to rescue Mother Sita. He approached Sage Agasthya for advice.The Sage advised Lord to stay in Kumbakonam for a while and worship Lord Kasi Viswanatha to acquire the Rudra character. Rama. following the advice of the sage, attained the Rudramsam which gave him additional strength to fight Ravana, a Shin Baktha.
 
The Lingam used by Rama in his Pooja, is kept in the north eastern side of the outer prakaram. It is called Kshetra Mahalingam and it is believed to grow in size over a period of time. As Lord Rama acquired the Arakkonam (acquiring the trait of his need), this place came to be called as Karonam.As it is located in Kudanthai (Kumbakonam). the place came to be called as Kudanthai Karonam. 

Nava Kannikas

Nava Kannikas (Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Saraswathi, Narmada, Krishna. Tungabhadra, Sarayu and Cauvery) were in extreme burden due to the sins left on them by people who had the holy dip in the above rivers. They approached Lord Shiva for the solution. Lord Shiva advised them to go to Kumbakonam on the Maha Magam day and bathe in the holy tank to cleanse themselves of the sins set on them. 

The Kannikas had the darshan of Lord Kasi Viswanatha and begged him to stay here itself for the sake of the common people which Lord obliged. The Temple has a shrine for Nava Kannikas, situated at the entrance of the temple. Lord Shiva came to this place from Kasi (now Varanasi) to help the Nava Kannikas to cleanse them of sins, hence is praised as Kasi Viswanatha and Mother as Visalakshi. 

Kasi Viswanathar Temple History 

It is claimed by few people that Kudanthai Karonam mentioned in Devaram hymns refer to this Temple. However, the seventh song mentions about Thenarmozhiyal, consort of Someswar of Someswaran Temple. Hence, Someswaran Temple can be considered as actual Paadal Petra Sthalam. The present masonry structure was built during the Nayak during the 16th century CE. In modern times, the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of the Government of Tamil Nadu. 

The Temple is facing towards north with five tiered Rajagopuram.The Rajagopuram is on the western side and is about 72 feet high. There is a beautiful arch with the sculptures depicting Lord Shiva accompanying the Nava Kannigais to the Mahamaha tank. before the Rajagopuram. The Temple is situated on northern banks of Mahamaha Tank The Temple covers an area of about 2 acres and has two prakarams. 

Nandi, Balipeedam and Dhwaja Sthambam can be found immediately after the entrance. Kodimara Vinayagar can be found in the Dhwaja Sthambam. The Sanctum Sanctorum consists of Mukha Mandapam, Maha Mandapam, Artha Mandapam and Sanctum. Presiding Deity is called as Kasi Viswanathar. He is housed in the sanctum in the form of Lingam. Lord is a Swayambhu Murthy. 

Dakshinamoorthy. Lingodbhava, Durga and Brahma are the Koshta idols located around the sanctum walls. Chandikeswarar can be found in his usual location.The significant feature in the temple is that Mother Durga is facing Lord Chandikeswarar. Mother is called as Visalakshi. Mother Shrine is situated to the right side of Sanctum. Navagraha Shrine is situated on the left side in Mukha Mandapam.

Shrines of Lord Murugan with his consorts Valli & Deivanai and Gaja Lakshmi can be found in the right side of Maha Mandapam. Shrines of Somaskanda, Ganapathy and Utsava Idols of Nava Kannigais can be found in the left side of Maha Mandapam. Nava Kannigais shrine houses the idols of Nava Kannigais namely Ganges,Yamuna, Narmada, Saraswathi, Cauvery, Godavari, Krishna. Tungabhadra and Sarayu.The Shrine is situated in the Maha Mandapam. 

Palliayarai (Sleeping Chamber) and Nataraja Shrine can be found immediately after the Nava Kannigai Shrine. The Lingam worshipped by Lord Rama is located in the north eastern side of outer prakaram of the temple. It is called as Kshetra Linga. It is installed under a Neem tree.The lingam is believed to grow with time. 

Usually Lord Vinayaka or Ambika idols are under the neem tree as a tradition. It is different in this temple. Shrines of Saptha Mathas, Bhairava, Sun, Moon, Saneeswarar, Jyeshta Devi, and Anjaneya can be found in the temple premises.Theertham associated with this Temple is Mahamaha Theertham. Sthala Vriksham isVilvam tree. 

Kasi Viswanathar Temple Opening Time 

The temple remains open from 7.00 a.m. to 12.00 noon and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m. 

Kasi Viswanathar Temple Poojas 

The temple priests perform the puja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis.The temple rituals are performed six times a day; Kalasanthi at 6:00 a.m., Irandam Kalm at 9:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:00 a.m., Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m, Irandam Kalm at 7:30 p.m., and Arthajamam at 9:00 p.m. Each ritual comprises four steps: abhisheka (sacred bath), alangaram (decoration), naivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai(waving of lamps) for Viswanathar and Visalakshi. 

Kasi Viswanathar Temple Festivals 

There are weekly rituals like Somavaram (Monday) & Sukravaram (Friday), fortnightly rituals like Pradosham & monthly festivals like Amavasai(new moon day), Kiruthigai, Pournami (full moon day) and sathurthi. Shivaratri & Masi Maha Brahmotsavam during the Tamil month of Maasi (February -March) and Panguni Uthiram during Panguni are the major festivals celebrated in the temple. 

Prayers People pray here for girls not attaining puberty in time, for removal of obstacles in marriage proposals. child boon and for cleansing from sins. In all these cases, the girls along with their parents visit the Nava Kannika shrine in this temple and offer prayers for 16 successive Fridays. Realizing their wish, devotees perform abishek to Lord and Mother and offer vastras. 

How to Reach Kasi Viswanathar Temple?

The Temple is located at about I Km from Kumbakonam Railway Station and I Km from Kumbakonam Bus Stand. Kumbakonam is well-connected by road and rail with the rest of India.The temple is situated on the northern banks of the Mahamagam Tank in Kumbakonam town.There are lot of town and mini buses available for this temple. The bus stop name is Mahamagam Tank or Kumbakonam Head Post Office. 

Kumbakonam is located at about 6 Kms from Thirunageswaram, 8 Kms from Patteeswaram, 9 Kms from Thiruvidaimarudur, 9 Kms from Nachiyar Koil, 15 Kms from Papanasam. 34 Kms from Mayiladuthurai, 35 Kms from Thiruvaiyaru, 40 Kms from Thanjavur, 42 Kms from Thiruvarur, 88 Kms from Trichy, 101 Kms from Trichy Airport and 283 Kms from Chennai. 

There are regular government and private bus services to Chennai, Thanjavur, Mannargudi, Trichy, Chidambaram, Tiruppur, Mayiladuthurai, Nagapattinam, Coimbatore, Palani, Thoothukudi, Madurai, Sivagangai, Puducherry and Tirunelveli. The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) operates daily services from Bengaluru and Mysuru to Kumbakonam. 

Kasi Viswanathar Temple Address 

Kasi Viswanathar Temple, Kumbakonam.
Thanjavur District — 612 001,
Phone: +91 435 240 0658.

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