Andalakkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Thanjavur - History, Timings, Festivals & Address

Andalukkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Thanjavur

Andalukkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Thanjavur

Andalakkum Aiyan Temple is a Hindu temple located in the town of Adhanur in the Thanjavur district of Tamilnadu, India. The temple is dedicated to Vishnu. The temple is among the 108 divyadesams of Sri Vaishnavas and comes under Chola naadu divyadesams. The lord presides in a reclining posture on Adiseshan with Shanku Chakra and Kamadhenu and Thirumangai azhwar near the feet. Utsavar is called Lord Ranganathar.

Sridevi, Bhoodevi Thayar, Brahma and Brigu Maharishi are also present in the main sanctum. The Thayar has a separate Sannadhi, Moolavar known as Kamalasini Thayar and Utsavar known as Ranganayaki Thayar. The temple is also known as Bhargava kshetram and is located between Kaveri river and Kollidam river. It is believed that Kamadhenu worshipped Lord Vishnu here. The temple has two prakarams.

Andalakkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Legends

When Sage Brigu worshipped Perumal in the Milk Ocean, Mother Mahalakshmi presented the sage with a garland. The sage gave it to Indira who in turn placed it on the head of his elephant. The animal drew the garland and crushed it under its foot. Boiling in anger, the sage cursed Indira to be born a human on earth. Indira fell down to earth and rushed to Lord seeking relief. Mother Mahalakshmi assured Indira that she would be born the daughter of Sage Brigu and he would be relieved of the curse when she weds Perumal then. Indira waited for the time. When the divine wedding took place, he got the relief. Lord Perumal granted darshan to him in His celebrated reclining posture.

According to legend, the Vaishnavite saint Thirumangai Alwar had exhausted all his money in the renovation of the Ranganatha Temple, Srirangam. When the workers who constructed the temple demanded their wages, he was unable to pay them. Vishnu, however, appeared to him in a dream and directed him to go to the banks of the Kollidam River. As instructed, Thirumangai Alwar travelled to the banks of the Kollidam and at Adhanur; he was met by a rich merchant who provided the money to pay the workers.

Greatness of Temple

Thirumangai Azhwar exhausted all the money he had in the renovation of Srirangam temple. He had nothing left to pay the wages for the workers. He prayed to Lord for money. Lord, in a voice, pointed out a spot on the banks of Kollidam and asked Azhwar to come there to collect the money. Azhwar found a trader there wearing a turban holding a measuring bowl (marakkal), palm and Ezhuthani. The trader told Azhwar that Lord Ranganatha had sent him to help Azhwar and asked him his need. Thirumangai required money from him to pay wages for the workers.

The trader said that he had no money but the Marakkal he had would fulfill the need. He said that he would give sand measuring by his bowl, which will turn into gold only to such workers who sincerely worked and would remain sand itself to those insincere. Azhwar accepted the condition. To many, it was sand only. The workers felt that the trader was a magician and began to attack him. He began to run away. Azhwar too chased him. The trader stopped at this place. Azhwar asked him who he was. The trader-Lord appeared in his true form. He taught Azhwar in writing on the palm with the Ezhuthani.

Lord Perumal appears in his reclining form with His consorts Sridevi and Bhoodevi. He has his Marakal-measuring bowl- as the pillow holding the palm and Ezhuthani in his left hand. Lord is resting in this form after looking into the needs of his devotees, it is said. Divine cow Kamadenu is at the feet of the Lord.

Lord Shiva once plucked one of the heads of Lord Brahmma which simply stuck to his hands. He could not separate it from his hand. Hence, Lord Shiva asked Agni to burn the head. Agni-Fire too failed. Also Lord Shiva incurred the Brahmmahathi dosha. Lord Shiva had the curse removed by worshipping Perumal here. Lord Shiva has his due place in the sanctum near Perumal. Sage Brigu and Thirumangai Azhwar are also in the sanctum.

According to our belief and scriptures, there are two pillars in the Paramapada, Abode of Lord Vishnu. Jeevas would be relieved of their sins if they embrace these pillars while going up. There are two such pillars in this temple in the Ardhamandapam. Devotees use to circumambulate the pillars in even numbers and worship the feet and head of Lord to attain salvation. Those awaiting marriage also worship this way for realizing their wish. Of the 108 Divya Desas, only Srirangam and Adanur temples only have these pillars.

Andalukkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Speciality

Education is an important for everyone and in India compulsory education for a certain age period is followed for restricting children who are avoiding in going to school. In astrology; 2, 4 and 9th house shows one's educational status whether it is good or not. A temple situated called Andalukkum Aiyan temple between two rivers in Adhanur in Thanjavur district of Tamilnadu.

Lord Perumal is called as Andalukkum Aiyan and Amman is called Bhargavi. Devotees pray to lord for good education and offer special Neivethiyam and new clothes after fulfillment of their prayers.
This temple is situated at a distance of 8 kms from Kumbakonam. From swami malai, this temple is located at just 3 kms. 


Thirumangai Alwar had sung praises of the temple in his Mangalasasanam. The temple is one of the 108 Divya Desams.

The Temple

Perumal blesses the devotees in a reclining posture. The Vimana above the sanctum is called Pranava Vimanam. The Rajagopuram is of three tier structure. The temple is in between Cauvery and Kollidam rivers. As Kamadenu the divine cow (Aa in Tamil means cow) performed penance here, the place is named Aa, Than - Its – place – Aa Than Oor – Athanur. There is a sculpture of Lord Vishnu on the sanctum Vimana among three Boodha Ganas. People say the idol is growing in years.


  • Aandalakumaiyan Perumal
  • Ranganayaki Thayar
  • Yoga Narasimhar
  • Anjaneya
  • Santana Krishna

Pushkarani and Vimanam

The temple pond is called Surya pushkarani and the Vimaanam is Pranava vimanam.

Andalakkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Opening Time

The temple is open from 7.00 a.m. to 12.30 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m

Andalakkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Festivals

10 day Brahmotsavam is celebrated in Vaikasi-May-June

Andalakkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Singers

Noted Vaishanavite Saint Thirumangai Azhwar had sung the praise of the Lord in his Mangalasasanam hymns.

Andalakkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Prayers

It is believed that worshipping Perumal in the temple would bring in prosperity in the family and bless the devotee with excellence in educational pursuits. Devotees offer vastras and special nivedhanas to Perumal

How to Reach Andalakkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur?

The temple is about 3 kms from Swamimalai, close to Kumbakonam. The temple can be covered along with Thiru pullam bhoothangudi divyadesam with Tanjore base. Buses are very rare to the place and so would be ideal to take a private auto or hire a cab to cover the temple along with 6 more temples on the Thanjavur-Kumbakonam route. Adanur is 8 km away from Kumbakonam. It is noteworthy that the famous Lord Muruga’s Aaru Padai Veedu temple Swamimalai is 6 km from here. 

Andalakkum Aiyan Temple Adhanur Address

Sri Andalukkum Aiyan Temple,
Tiru Adanur,-612 301, Papanasam Taluk,
Thanjavur district
Phone: +91- 435 - 2000 503

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